U.S. Citizenship can be acquired through birth, derivation, or naturalization. Individuals who are U.S. citizens have the right to reside and work permanently within the United States, and this status cannot be revoked due to extended periods of travel abroad. U.S. citizens enjoy numerous benefits and privileges, including the fundamental right to vote in U.S. elections. Additionally, U.S. citizens have the ability to sponsor their parents, spouses, children, and siblings for permanent resident status.

Birthright citizenship is conferred upon individuals born within the territorial boundaries of the United States or its territories, regardless of their parents’ immigration status. Citizenship through derivation applies to children under 18 years old who automatically become citizens when one or both parents naturalize, provided certain conditions are met. Naturalization is the process by which eligible immigrants become U.S. citizens, involving fulfilling residency, language, and civics requirements, as well as demonstrating good moral character. Through naturalization, individuals undergo an application process, including form submission, interviews, and tests administered by the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). Once approved, applicants take an oath of allegiance, solidifying their status as citizens of the United States.

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